Mosquito Facts Needed To Stop Malaria Or Paludisme

Mosquitoes are known from as far back as the Triassic Period – 400 million years ago.

They are known from North America from the Cretaceous – 100 million years ago.

There are about 2,700 species of mosquito. There are 176 species in the United States.

The average mosquito weighs about 2.5 milligrams.

The average mosquito takes in about 5-millionths of a liter of blood during feeding.

Mosquitoes find hosts by sight (they observe movement); by detecting infra-red radiation emitted by warm bodies; and by chemical signals (mosquitoes are attracted to carbon dioxide and lactic acid, among other chemicals) at distances of 25 to 35 meters.

Mosquitoes fly an estimated 1 to 1.5 miles per hour. Salt marsh mosquitoes can migrate up to 40 miles for a meal.

Bigger people are often more attractive to mosquitoes because they are larger targets and they produce more mosquito attractants, namely CO2 and lactic acid. Active or fidgety people also produce more CO2 and lactic acid.

Smelly feet are attractive to certain species of mosquitoes – as is Limburger Cheese.

Dark clothing has been shown to attract some species of mosquitoes more than lighter colored clothing.

Movement increased mosquito biting up to 50% in some research tests.

A full moon increased mosquito activity 500% in one study

People are not the primary bloodhosts for mosquitoes

One female mosquito may lay 100 to 300 eggs at a time and may average 1,000 to 3,000 offsprings during her life span.

Most mosquitoes remain within a 1 mile radius of their breeding site.

From 100 feet away (30 meters) mosquitoes can smell your scent, especially the carbon dioxide (CO2) you exhale.

Biting flies are even better; they can smell their prey from 300 feet (100 meters) away.

Moquitoes follow your scent upwind, and can see you at a distance of about 30 feet (10 meters).

Mosquito Aedes aegypti carries disease and is a major pest because it seems to prefer omnivorous (eats anything) bloodhosts such as monkeys, apes and people, and because it is not afraid to make its home indoors.

What's wrong with bug zappers? They kill beneficial insects,

Octenal without CO2 and a thermal lure is ineffective.

Mosquitoes do not feed on blood. The female mosquito requires a blood meal for development of her eggs.

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