Malaria Facts for Togo, West Africa: Our project is only for Kara, Togo, therefore malaria facts are focused on Kara, Togo.
Facts: - 113 of the 253 countries have malaria, roughly 5.5 billion people.- UNICEF distributes 18 million bed nets to 39 countries.
The most comprehensive explanation of facts I have found is on the Guardian Newpaper web site, a London, England newspaper: theguardian.com
About 3.3 billion people – half of the world's population – are at risk of malaria. In 2010, there were about 219 million malaria cases (with an uncertainty range of 154 million to 289 million) and an estimated 660 000 malaria deaths (with an uncertainty range of 490 000 to 836 000). Increased prevention and control measures have led to a reduction in malaria mortality rates by more than 25% globally since 2000 and by 33% in the WHO African Region.
People living in the poorest countries are the most vulnerable to malaria. In 2010, 90% of all malaria deaths occurred in the WHO African Region, mostly among children under five years of age.
1. Malaria is caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites that are spread to people through the bites of infected Anopheles mosquito vectors. Of the five parasite species that cause malaria in humans, Plasmodium falciparum is the most deadly.
2. Half of the world's population is at risk of malaria.
Every year, 3.3 billion people are at risk of malaria. This leads to about 219 million malaria cases (with an uncertainty range of 154 million to 289 million) and an estimated 660 000 malaria deaths (with an uncertainty range of 490 000 to 836 000). People living in the poorest countries are the most vulnerable.
3. Every minute, a child dies from malaria
In 2010, 90% of malaria deaths occurred in Africa and almost 600 000 African children died. Most of these children were under five years of age.
4. Malaria mortality rates are falling.
Increased malaria prevention and control measures are dramatically reducing the malaria burden in many places. Malaria mortality rates have fallen by more than 25% globally since 2000 and by 33% in the WHO African Region.
5. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of malaria prevents deaths.
Early diagnosis and treatment of malaria reduces disease and prevents deaths. It also contributes to reducing malaria transmission. Access to diagnostic testing and treatment should be seen not only as a component of malaria control but as a fundamental right of all populations at risk.
6. Growing resistance to antimalarial medicines has spread rapidly.
Parasite resistance to artemisinins was confirmed on the Cambodia-Thailand border in 2008 and is now suspected in parts of Myanmar and Viet Nam. However, artemisinin-based combination therapies remain highly effective in almost all settings, as long as the partner drug in the combination is locally effective.
7. Sleeping under long-lasting insecticidal nets protects against malaria.
These nets provide personal protection against mosquito bites. They can be used as protection for people most at risk of malaria, such as young children and pregnant women in high malaria transmission areas. The nets are effective for three to five years, depending on the model and conditions of use. According to the World malaria report 2011, 96% of people with access to a net use it.
8. Indoor residual spraying is the most effective way to rapidly reduce malaria transmission.
The full potential of indoor residual spraying is obtained when at least 80% of houses in targeted areas are sprayed. Indoor spraying with insecticides kills the mosquito vector and is effective for 3–6 months, depending on the insecticide used and the type of surface on which it is sprayed. Longer-lasting forms of insecticides are under development.
9. Pregnant women are particularly at risk of malaria.
Pregnant women are at high risk of dying from the complications of severe malaria. Malaria is also a cause of spontaneous abortion, premature delivery, stillbirth and severe maternal anaemia, and is responsible for about one third of preventable low-birth-weight babies. WHO recommends intermittent preventive treatment for pregnant women living in areas of high malaria transmission.
10. Malaria causes significant economic losses in high-burden countries.
In high-burden settings, malaria can trap families and communities in a downward spiral of poverty, disproportionately affecting marginalized and poor people who cannot afford treatment or who have limited access to health care.
who.int World Health Organization.
Annual cases of malaria: 247 million
Annual deaths from malaria: 850,000
91 per cent of deaths are in Africa
85 per cent of deaths are of children aged under five
35 countries – 30 in Sub-Saharan Africa and five in Asia – account for 98 per cent of global malaria deaths
20 per cent of all childhood deaths in Africa are due to malaria
3.3 billion people in 109 countries are at risk of malaria
Most infected countries
Nigeria: 57.5 million
Democratic Republic of the Congo: 23.6 million
Ethiopia: 12.4 million
Tanzania: 11.5 million
Kenya: 11.3 million
Sources: WHO, US CDC
Sources: The American Mosquito Control Association; the U.S. Centers for Disease Control; the U.S. Department of Agriculture; and, entomology and agriculture departments at the University of California – Davis, Colorado State University, Rutgers University, University of Nebraska, and the University of Florida.
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